Poland has a temperate climate with warm summers, cold (and often snowy) winters and four distinct seasons. The country gets its largest share of its visitors from May to September as this is the period when the weather is most pleasant. However, that doesn't mean that you cannot enjoy Poland by visiting during any other time of the year.
It's important to keep in mind that there are local differences within the country. As the ninth largest country in Europe, Poland is quite big and has different geographical regions like vast plains (generally located in the northern part of the country), high mountains (mostly in the south-southeast), and a coastline that's more than 500 km (300 miles) long. It's always a good idea to check the weather forecast for the cities and regions that you plan to visit, not just the country in general.
The famous Polish cities of Warsaw, Krakow, and Poznan are very nice to visit from May to September or even early October. Although temperatures have been hitting some records over the last decade, Poland is, on average, cooler than most destinations in Western and Southern Europe, so the Polish summers are usually pleasantly warm and bearable. It should be noted, though, that the big cities can also be great to visit during the colder months as the historic city centers look absolutely stunning when covered in snow and ice. Many festivals and cultural events also take place during the colder time of the year.
The Polish Baltic coast is best visited during the summer months. There's nothing like enjoying the sea breeze and the waves when temperatures hit 30 °C (86 °F) or higher. Although the Baltic Sea doesn't get quite as warm as, say, the Mediterranean, during the summer, it's still great for sunbathing, swimming, and even surfing. Another plus is that while the most popular Polish beaches can attract plenty of people during the summer months, they're never quite as crowded as the most famous beaches in Spain, Greece, or Croatia. While nice to visit during the summer months, the largest Polish coastal cities of Gdansk and Szczecin are hubs of entertainment and culture meaning they have plenty to enjoy year-round.
Polish national parks, like the famous Białowieża, also see the most visitors during the summer months (June and August are slightly cooler while July is the warmest month). They are, however, just as fascinating to explore during the early and mid-autumn weeks when the colors are turning yellow and red and the weather is usually still quite dry. Most national parks are open year-round and can also be quite nice to visit during the winter months when some offer cross-country skiing, saunas and other activities.
The Polish Tatra mountains are a very popular travel destination during the cold months of the year. The mountain resort of Zakopane is known as the Polish capital of winter sports as it offers everything from skiing and snowboarding to snowmobile rides and even sleigh rides. However, the Tatras are just as awesome to visit during the summer months as it offers some of Europe's best climbing, trekking, and paragliding.
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